Hi, the paper is ready. Thanks Running Head: BUSINESS1BusinessStudent’s Name:Institutional Affiliation:BUSINESS2Organizational Behaviour1. Explain the Hofstede Framework. List and define each of the six dimensions. Give adetailed example for each dimension using cultures you’ve experienced in class orhave researched. Justify your decisions.Typically, the Hofstede framework is a theory developed by Geert Hofstede. Theframework is mainly used to comprehend the variations in cultures across different countries(Zhou & Kwon, 2020). It is also used to discern different ways in which a business is conductedacross different cultures. Hofstede’s framework has six dimensions: indulgence, time orientation,uncertainty avoidance, masculinity, power distance, and individualism.Power DistanceIt expresses how the less powerful individuals view inequality in power diustribution.Thus, it focuses on approaches used by people to address inequalities in society (Zhou & Kwon,2020). Saudi Arabia and China are excellent examples of nations with a high power distanceindex.Individualism Versus CollectivismIt encompasses the relative importance of personal interests versus group interests.Moreover, people tend to take other people’s actions and outcomes. In collectivist, individualsare supposed to be and remain loyal to the group they belong to since the same group willsafeguard their interests. For example, Guatemala and Panama countries possess a fellow IDVscore. A marketing campaign in these countries that emphasizes gains to the community is likelyto be well understood if individuals being addressed feel part of that group.Masculinity versus FemininityBUSINESS3The dimension is all about values that are considered to be more significant in society. Inmasculine societies, men’s roles and women’s roles overlap less. On that note, men areanticipated to behave assertively (Zhou & Kwon, 2020). In feminine societies, there exists agreat deal of overlap of female and male roles. Further, modesty is deemed as a virtue. Forexample, the gap between women’s and men’s value in Australia and Japan is largest with a MASscore of 79 and 95, respectively. Men in both countries score high because they exhibit toughmasculine behaviors and values, while women score lower than men. Again, Japan has a culturewhereby all children of different genders learn the significance of competition and winning froma tender age.Uncertainty AvoidanceThis dimension expresses the extent to which people feel uncomfortable with ambiguityand uncertainty. Countries with a high degree of uncertainty avoidance tend to maintain rigidcodes of beliefs (Zhou & Kwon, 2020). Again, they fail to tolerate unorthodox ideas andbehaviors. As a result, such countries often need numerous rules to constrain the uncertainty.Consequently, nations with a low uncertainty avoidance tend to have a more relaxed attitude.Some of the countries which are highly uncertain hence avoiding other countries, includeArgentina and Chile.Time OrientationThis dimension maintains that every society must maintain links its past, present, andfuture problems. In that regard, countries with a low score have higher maintenance of timehonored traditions and norms. Moreover, they view their societal modifications with suspicion(Zhou & Kwon, 2020). On the contrary, those with high scores take more pragmatic approachesseriously. On that note, they are future-oriented. Besides, they encourage efforts and supportBUSINESS4modern education as an excellent means to prepare for the future. For instance, Japan is wellknown for its long-term orientation, while Morocco, on the other hand, is a short-term-orientednation.Indulgence Versus RestraintIndulgence refers to the degree to which individuals attempt to maintain and control theirimpulses and desires, typically based on how they were brought up. It is known to be a weakcontrol, while restraint a strong one (Zhou & Kwon, 2020). Hence, restrained or indulgent can beused to define cultures.On the other hand, restraint is for societies that suppress gratifications of needs byregulating them through strict social norms. For instance, Eastern European countries such asRussia possess a relatively low IVR score. According to Hofstede, such countries are restrainedand have a high tendency towards pessimism.2. What are the four main ways that …
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