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Collapse SubdiscussionMatthew LeeTuesdayFeb 9 at 1:13pmManage Discussion EntryChapter 3 discussionQuestion 1: According to the textbook, what is culture comprised of?Culture is a set of shared values and understanding that a group of people follow in order to maintain their daily life. These values and understandings are passed down by passed generations, lived and adapted by the current generation and then passed down again. While these lessons and values are passed through generations of people it is different all around the world and the way you may speak to a person in the United States will be different to how you speak to someone in another country. What makes these different environments unique is a set of shared values in that area, for example language. If I go to a country where I do not understand the language properly I am much more likely to gravitate towards someone who speaks the same language as me. I consider this lazy on my end as I should try and learn the local languages of places that I travel.Other things that can help define or understand a culture would be the clothes that they wear which can also be dependent on their religion and climate. For example, someone in Australia would dress very different to someone in Saudi Arabia, especially females. While the climates are both considered hot, there are some cultures that require people to dress a certain way at all times, for example a woman not being able to show her face. There are many other examples of defining culture like food and music but these cultural stereotypes are ways that we can help understand how people live and what is important to them. I can be considered a stereotype myself, I am from England, I love Football and I drink tea all of the time.Question 2: Read the section in the chapter called comparative management in focus(p. 97-102) Which country (region) (Japan, Germany, or Latin America) do you believe you would have the most difficulty adapting to? Give at least 3 reasons and explain. Latin America: In reading the textbook and understanding what different cultures value and prioritize I believe it would be most difficult for me to adapt to the Latin America. While I wish I could, I am still limited to one language which would make things very difficult for me right out of the gate. Enjoying life in the present instead of doing orientated. It seems that the Latin American environment allows more of a cross over between the personal life and the work life. Where as, I very much like to keep my private life away from people I do not know as well.It was interesting to read in the textbook that Westerners consider Latin American’s with a lazy stereotype. Which I have not heard before but in reading the section I know that I am very goal orientated and that goal takes priority for me to complete, which seems to be the opposite of the portrayal in the book. Finally I like to think I have complete control over what I do with my life and where the future may lead. However it seems that in the Latin America culture that this . WednesdayFeb 10 at 6:48pmManage Discussion EntryCulture is comprised of the shared values, understandings, assumptions and goals of a society that are passed down from generation to generation. These values and understandings inform the attitudes, behaviors, and expectations of the members of society. They are in turn modified as societies change and evolve. For example, a society that many years ago put a high value on authority may now put a greater value on information sharing and collaboration. That may be a reflection of this society’s development from a monarchy with an individual ruler to a democracy that is governed by everybody through a participatory election process. Similarly, in business, there may be more hierarchical, top-down structures of command in traditional firms while other companies may prefer a more informal and collaborative communication structure. There is obviously a relationship between organizational and societal culture, and you are more likely to find hierarchical business forms in societies that put a big value on authority (pg.77). The second question is very close to my heart. I am half German and half African myself. African culture is very similar to Latin American culture. What is most important to us is relating to others. We are less goal oriented and more relationship oriented. Success matters less than happiness. Time is less important and what we can’t do today we may do tomorrow. My German part is quite different. Success is important and tasks are more important than relationships. Germans accept rules and principles even when they have different opinions as an individual.I would have the hardest time to adapt to a Japanese business culture for several reasons. The Japanese culture is based on harmony and politeness. I can imagine a business meeting lasting many hours because nobody makes a decision for the fear that somebody else’s feelings might get hurt. I don’t think that I would have the patience to sit through such a meeting. Another reason that would make it difficult for me, is the strong emphasis on homogeny. A society in which everybody dresses the same, looks the same, and does the same would drive me absolutely nuts. I feel that the difference between individuals makes people interesting. I don’t want to live in a society where individualism isn’t valued. Part of individualism is the expression of feelings even when they are in conflict with the feelings of others. For me that is an important part of human interaction, but in Japanese culture this would not be acceptable. Conflicts are there to be worked out. They should not be avoided. Collapse SubdiscussionHung TruongFridayFeb 12 at 12:03amManage Discussion EntryThink back to a family member, teacher, boss, or coach who believed in your ability and potential. To what degree did a possible Pygmalion effect impact your behavior and performance?The psychological effect of one’s encouragement have had an effect on me numerous of times. One that sticks out is my first time organizing an event for my internship last year. I was tasked to create an event that improve the social interaction between 2nd graders and 12th graders at Greenfield School. I had no experience organizing events and was very nervous about leading the event. I am tasked to be the main proctor of the event and was very nervous about speaking in front of 120 students. Before the event I felt so nervous to the point of nauseousness but with the encouragement and positive input of my supervisor, I was able to make it through the event. Though it was not perfect, the encouragement made me change mindset, hence the outcome being the my best effort. The textbook talks about the three components of motivation–direction, intensity and persistence. Which do you believe you are best at? Why?Direction to me is first step to every other components of motivation. With direction I can see the meaning behind my actions, with meaning I can find the motivation and persistence to do a task since I see value in how it can benefit an external cause and value in it for myself. Next comes the intensity in which I will follow up with the task, knowing clearly the meaning behind my actions motivates me to put intensity and focus to accomplish the task at hand. Collapse SubdiscussionMadeleine HeickThursdayFeb 11 at 9:50pmManage Discussion Entry A time when a family member believed in my ability and potential was when my mother told me she knew I was going to pass a microeconomies exam that I was stressed about. I believe that the Pygmalion effect, a self-fulfilling prophecy causing a person to act in a positive manner to meet expectations (Konopaske p. 85), played an important role in this situation. I was confident in my abilities because my mother was confident that I was going to be successful. It helped motivate me to pay attention to the material I was leaning and study as well as stay calm and focused when I was actually taking my exam. I passed that exam with the highest grade I had ever received on a microeconomics exam. The three components of motivation are direction, intensity, and persistence. Direction refers to what an individual decide to do when they are presented with a variety of possible choices. Regardless of what choice is selected, a person is motivated. Intensity refers to the strength of the response once a person makes a choice. People can act upon the choice they have made with a lot of effort or with minimal effort. Persistence refers to how long a person devotes to the choice they have made. Some people may give a lot of effort to a decision they have made, but only for a short amount of time. People who put a lot of effort into a decision and then burn our before actually completing whatever they had set out to complete lack persistence (103). I believe that I am best at the persistence element of motivation. I do not like to stop doing something before I have properly completed it. I would not feel accomplished if I started a task with a lot of effort and then never actually finished it.Works CitedKonopaske, Robert, et al. Organizational Behavior and Management. McGraw-Hill Education, 2018. Reply
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