SOLUTION: Nassau Community College Handsomest Drowned Man In The World Short Essay

The Handsomest Drowned Man In The World
by: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
THE FIRST CHILDREN who saw the dark and slinky bulge approaching through the sea let themselves
think it was an enemy ship. Then they saw it had no flags or masts and they thought it was a whale. But
when it washed up on the beach, they removed the clumps of seaweed, the jellyfish tentacles, and the
remains of fish and flotsam, and only then did they see that it was a drowned man. They had been
playing with him all afternoon, burying him in the sand and digging him up again, when someone
chanced to see them and spread the alarm in the village. The men who carried him to the nearest house
noticed that he weighed more than any dead man they had ever known, almost as much as a horse, and
they said to each other that maybe he’d been floating too long and the water had got into his bones.
When they laid him on the floor they said he’d been taller than all other men because there was barely
enough room for him in the house, but they thought that maybe the ability to keep on growing after
death was part of the nature of certain drowned men. He had the smell of the sea about him and only his
shape gave one to suppose that it was the corpse of a human being, because the skin was covered with a
crust of mud and scales. They did not even have to clean off his face to know that the dead man was a
stranger. The village was made up of only twenty-odd wooden houses that had stone courtyards with no
flowers and which were spread about on the end of a desertlike cape. There was so little land that
mothers always went about with the fear that the wind would carry off their children and the few dead
that the years had caused among them had to be thrown off the cliffs. But the sea was calm and bountiful
and all the men fitted into seven boats. So when they found the drowned man they simply had to look at
one another to see that they were all there.
That night they did not go out to work at sea. While the men went to find out if anyone was missing in
neighboring villages, the women stayed behind to care for the drowned man. They took the mud off
with grass swabs, they removed the underwater stones entangled in his hair, and they scraped the crust
off with tools used for scaling fish. As they were doing that they noticed that the vegetation on him
came from faraway oceans and deep water and that his clothes were in tatters, as if he had sailed through
labyrinths of coral. They noticed too that he bore his death with pride, for he did not have the lonely look
of other drowned men who came out of the sea or that haggard, needy look of men who drowned in
rivers. But only when they finished cleaning him off did they become aware of the kind of man he was
and it left them breathless. Not only was he the tallest, strongest, most virile, and best built man they had
ever seen, but even though they were looking at him there was no room for him in their imagination.
They could not find a bed in the village large enough to lay him on nor was there a table solid enough to
use for his wake. The tallest men’s holiday pants would not fit him, nor the fattest ones’ Sunday shirts,
nor the shoes of the one with the biggest feet. Fascinated by his huge size and his beauty, the women then
decided to make him some pants from a large piece of sail and a shirt from some bridal linen so that he
could continue through his death with dignity. As they sewed, sitting in a circle and gazing at the corpse
between stitches, it seemed to them that the wind had never been so steady nor the sea so restless as on
that night and they supposed that the change had something to do with the dead man. They thought that if
that magnificent man had lived in the village, his house would have had the widest doors, the highest
ceiling, and the strongest floor, his bedstead would have been made from a midship frame held together
by iron bolts, and his wife would have been the happiest woman.
They thought that he would have had so much authority that he could have drawn fish out of the sea
simply by calling their names and that he would have put so much work into his land that springs would
have burst forth from among the rocks so that he would have been able to plant flowers on the cliffs.
They secretly compared him to their own men, thinking that for all their lives theirs were incapable
of doing what he could do in one night, and they ended up dismissing them deep in their hearts as the
weakest, meanest and most useless creatures on earth. They were wandering through that maze of fantasy
when the oldest woman, who as the oldest had looked upon the drowned man with more compassion than
passion, sighed: ‘He has the face of someone called Esteban.’ It was true. Most of them had only to take
another look at him to see that he could not have any other name. The more stubborn among them, who
were the youngest, still lived for a few hours with the illusion that when they put his clothes on and he
lay among the flowers in patent leather shoes his name might be Lautaro. But it was a vain illusion.
There had not been enough canvas, the poorly cut and worse sewn pants were too tight, and the hidden
strength of his heart popped the buttons on his shirt. After midnight the whistling of the wind died down
and the sea fell into its Wednesday drowsiness. The silence put an end to any last doubts: he was
The women who had dressed him, who had combed his hair, had cut his nails and shaved him were
unable to hold back a shudder of pity when they had to resign themselves to his being dragged along the
ground. It was then that they understood how unhappy he must have been with that huge body since it
bothered him even after death. They could see him in life, condemned to going through doors sideways,
cracking his head on crossbeams, remaining on his feet during visits, not knowing what to do with his
soft, pink, sea lion hands while the lady of the house looked for her most resistant chair and begged him,
frightened to death, sit here, Esteban, please, and he, leaning against the wall, smiling, don’t bother,
ma’am, I’m fine where I am, his heels raw and his back roasted from having done the same thing so many
times whenever he paid a visit, don’t bother, ma’am, I’m fine where I am, just to avoid the mbarrassment
of breaking up the chair, and never knowing perhaps that the ones who said don’t go, Esteban, at least
wait till the coffee’s ready, were the ones who later on would whisper the big boob finally left, how nice,
the handsome fool has gone. That was what the women were thinking beside the body a little before
dawn. Later, when they covered his face with a handkerchief so that the light would not bother him, he
looked so forever dead, so defenseless, so much like their men that the first furrows of tears opened in
their hearts. It was one of the younger ones who began the weeping. The others, coming to, went from
sighs to wails, and the more they sobbed the more they felt like weeping, because the drowned man was
becoming all the more Esteban for them, and so they wept so much, for he was the more destitute, most
peaceful, and most obliging man on earth, poor Esteban. So when the men returned with the news that
the drowned man was not from the neighboring villages either, the women felt an opening of jubilation
in the midst of their tears.
‘Praise the Lord,’ they sighed, ‘he’s ours!’ The men thought the fuss was only womanish frivolity.
Fatigued because of the difficult nighttime inquiries, all they wanted was to get rid of the bother of the
newcomer once and for all before the sun grew strong on that arid, windless day. They improvised a litter
with the remains of foremasts and gaffs, tying it together with rigging so that it would bear the weight of
the body until they reached the cliffs.
They wanted to tie the anchor from a cargo ship to him so that he would sink easily into the deepest
waves, where fish are blind and divers die of nostalgia, and bad currents would not bring him back to
shore, as had happened with other bodies. But the more they hurried, the more the women thought of
ways to waste time. They walked about like startled hens, pecking with the sea charms on their breasts,
some interfering on one side to put a scapular of the good wind on the drowned man, some on the other
side to put a wrist compass on him , and after a great deal of get away from there, woman, stay out of the
way, look, you almost made me fall on top of the dead man, the men began to feel mistrust in their livers
and started grumbling about why so many main-altar decorations for a stranger, because no matter how
many nails and holy-water jars he had on him, the sharks would chew him all the same, but the women
kept piling on their junk relics, running back and forth, stumbling, while they released in sighs what they
did not in tears, so that the men finally exploded with since when has there ever been such a fuss over a
drifting corpse, a drowned nobody, a piece of cold Wednesday meat. One of the women, mortified by so
much lack of care, then removed the handkerchief from the dead man’s face and the men were left
breathless too.
He was Esteban. It was not necessary to repeat it for them to recognize him. If they had been told Sir
Walter Raleigh, even they might have been impressed with his gringo accent, the macaw on his
shoulder, his cannibal-killing blunderbuss, but there could be only one Esteban in the world and there he
was, stretched out like a sperm whale, shoeless, wearing the pants of an undersized child, and with
those stony nails that had to be cut with a knife. They only had to take the handkerchief off his face to
see that he was ashamed, that it was not his fault that he was so big or so heavy or so handsome, and
if he had known that this was going to happen, he would have looked for a more discreet place to drown
in, seriously, I even would have tied the anchor off a galleon around my nick and staggered off a cliff
like someone who doesn’t like things in order not to be upsetting people now with this Wednesday dead
body, as you people say, in order not to be bothering anyone with this filthy piece of cold meat that
doesn’t have anything to do with me. There was so much truth in his manner taht even the most
mistrustful men, the ones who felt the bitterness of endless nights at sea fearing that their women would
tire of dreaming about them and begin to dream of drowned men, even they and others who were harder
still shuddered in the marrow of their bones at Esteban’s sincerity. That was how they came to hold the
most splendid funeral they could ever conceive of for an abandoned drowned man. Some women who
had gone to get flowers in the neighboring villages returned with other women who could not believe
what they had been told, and those women went back for more flowers when they saw the dead man,
and they brought more and more until there were so many flowers and so many people that it was hard to
walk about.
At the final moment it pained them to return him to the waters as an orphan and they chose a father and
mother from among the best people, and aunts and uncles and cousins, so that through him all the
inhabitants of the village became kinsmen. Some sailors who heard the weeping from a distance went
off course and people heard of one who had himself tied to the mainmast, remembering ancient fables
about sirens. While they fought for the privilege of carrying him on their shoulders along the steep
escarpment by the cliffs, men and women became aware for the first time of the desolation of their
streets, the dryness of their courtyards, the narrowness of their dreams as they faced the splendor and
beauty of their drowned man.
They let him go without an anchor so that he could come back if he wished and whenever he wished,
and they all held their breath for the fraction of centuries the body took to fall into the abyss. They did
not need to look at one another to realize that they were no longer all present, that they would never be.
But they also knew that everything would be different from then on, that their houses would have wider
doors, higher ceilings, and stronger floors so that Esteban’s memory could go everywhere without
bumping into beams and so that no one in the future would dare whisper the big boob finally died, too
bad, the handsome fool has finally died, because they were going to paint their house fronts gay colors to
make Esteban’s memory eternal and they were going to break their backs digging for springs among the
stones and planting flowers on the cliffs so that in future years at dawn the passengers on great liners
would awaken, suffocated by the smell of gardens on the high seas, and the captain would have to
come down from the bridge in his dress uniform, with his astrolabe, his pole star, and his row of war
medals and, pointing to the promontory of roses on the horizon, he would say in fourteen languages,
look there, where the wind is so peaceful now that it’s gone to sleep beneath the beds, over there, where
the sun’s so bright that the sunflowers don’t know which way to turn, yes, over there, that’s Esteban’s

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