SOLUTION: Northcentral University Wk 3 Sexual Orientation and Social Attitudes Discussion

Sexual Orientation and Social Attitudes
Quadric D. Witherspoon, M.Ed.
Northcentral University
January 24, 2021
Witherspoon Q. EDL-8335 V2-3
Sexual Orientation and Social Attitudes
Factors such as race, education, social status, and political socialization are crucial to the
way people view the communities in which they live. Over the years, however, sexual
orientation has become a significant predictor of how people perceive the society and what
happens around them. Different scholars argue that while research has embarked on how sexual
majorities perceive their minority counterparts, very few people have looked at how the sexual
minorities, the LGBTQ community, perceives the society. While the LGBTQ community has
been seen as more liberal when it comes to various issues affecting human existence,
heterosexuals are more to prefer social dominance. Several perspectives indicate that the way
people in the different sexual orientations behave is as a result of their socialization. However,
there are several misconceptions surrounding the understanding of why the different people view
society the way they view it. Using scholarly reviewed articles and a single author article, this
research paper looks at the reasons why the people in the different sexual orientation categories
behave the way they do, especially in their perceptions about the society.
Methodology of Research
This research involved evaluating peer-reviewed journal articles and meta analyses
tackling the topic sexual orientation and social attitudes. The research articles used in this
submission are carefully selected to provide a well-informed perspective about the role of sexual
orientation in predicating how people behave towards their society, including how they perceive
aspects such as politics and social involvement. Also, the articles selected are concerned with the
preferences of the different groups, especially social dominance and participation in communitybuilding events. The research makes use of peer-reviewed articles to inform the reader of the
importance of using evidence-based research in informing their conclusions.
Witherspoon Q. EDL-8335 V2-3
Similarities and Differences Between the Selected Articles
Schnabel (2018) postulates that sexual orientation is an interesting socio-demographic
divide that determines how people react to various stimuli in their environment. According to
this peer-reviewed article, sexuality has often been seen as an unimportant factor in determining
how people view the world and their surroundings. However, the author argues that sexual
minority attitudes towards the society cannot be transmitted across generations and are important
predictors of human social behavior. Schnabel (2018) argues that unlike the heterosexual faction,
the LGBTQ community is liberal about human rights as they feel intimidated by the expectations
society has on them. This view is supported by Grollman (2017), who argues that the LGBTQ
community portrays a higher level of warmth towards other oppressed members of the society
they live in. This stance is shown by the likelihood of LGBT people to support affirmative action
for people of color in educational institutions. Grollman (2017) reiterates that LGBTQ people
support others because they feel the pain of having to endure negative perceptions from their
heterosexual counterparts. Both authors argue that LGBTQ people are sensitive to the feelings of
others because they have been made to feel bad about themselves. The perceptions of the sexual
minority communities to issues such as race and gender issues, the authors argue, is significantly
different from those of the heterosexual community as the former tend to be more tolerant.
Research shows that sexual orientation, more than sexual behavior, plays a significant
role in determining the political views of individuals. According to Schnabel (2018), LGBTQ
people are significantly liberal in their perceptions as compared to their heterosexual
counterparts. Although opponents of this theorization would argue that sexual orientation does
not have a role to play in determining political attitudes, Schnabel reiterates that sexual
minorities tend to vote for the people who support other marginalized groups (2018). This could
Witherspoon Q. EDL-8335 V2-3
be understood as a result of the perception that if they support other minority groups, they are
also likely to fight for the rights of the sexual minorities. This perception is similar to an earlier
one by Grollman (2017), who argues that the LGBTQ community shows a form of political
distinctiveness from the perceptions of their heterosexual counterparts. Sexual minority people
are especially liberal about issues such as race, gender, and sexuality, including marriage and
adoption of children. Scholars argue that this is as a result of the political socialization in which
they have grown since childhood.
Heterosexual individuals perceive the society as a tolerant body for all manner of things
because they are not limited to the things they can do, while a significant number of LGBTQ
people believe that the society is often times oppressive and non-tolerant. This view is promoted
by both Schnabel (2018) and Grollman (2017), who are further supported by Ko et al (2020),
who argues that sexual minority groups experience unfavorable attitudes from their heterosexual
counterparts. Ko and colleagues (2020) reiterate that sexual minority groups are treated badly by
colleagues, friends, and family members, a factor that may lead them to have suicide ideations.
That notwithstanding, Ko and colleagues agree with Schnabel (2018) and Grollman (2017),
when they postulate that LGBTQ people tend to be warm and tolerant towards other
marginalized groups because they have experienced the unforgiving attitudes of the majority
groups. Although the first two articles look at both social and political attitudes, the third article
primarily focuses on how unfavorable social attitudes from majority groups contributes to the
increasing rates of suicidal ideation among members of the LGBTQ community.
In a study by Allen and Robson (2020), it was found that members of the LGBTQ
community had significantly different personalities as compared to their heterosexual
counterparts. The researchers looked at personality traits such as openness, neuroticism,
Witherspoon Q. EDL-8335 V2-3
conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion, noting that people in both categories tended
to behave differently. Allen and Robson (2020) reiterate that personality differences between
heterosexual and LGBTQ individuals determine the way they behave towards different things in
the society. Like the articles used in this research, however, the research by Allen and Robson
(2020) does not address the factors that could be leading to the personality differences. This
research recommends that information on the factors leading to the personality and social
attitudes differences could be included to make the research stronger. This could serve as an
essential predictor of why people in the different groups behave the way they do.
Evidence Used to Substantiate the Claims given in the Resources
The various articles used in this research are evidence-based and they utilize information
from other articles such as Meta analyses and other peer-reviewed articles. The researchers make
use of reputable databases to inform their scholarly positions, a factor that makes the articles
highly authoritative and resourceful. The articles especially that by Allen and Robson (2020), use
new data from their primary research. The use of new data in scholarly works makes research
progressive and opens room for other scholars to contribute. Schnabel (2018) compares data
from other sources, making their study a valid argument of the facts they present. The
researchers have done an incredible job in presenting facts and differentiating between the
various pieces of information.
Existing Bias About the Subject
Over time, many activists and scholars have lived in speculation about the social attitude
and personality differences between heterosexual and LGBTQ individuals. To this end, many
people still believe that there are no significant differences between the ways different groups
behave towards issues in their communities. This means that sexual orientation and identity are
Witherspoon Q. EDL-8335 V2-3
not considered significant contributors of social behavior. Many scholars still believe that social
attitudes and personalities are determined by other factors other than sexual orientation.
Essentially, attitudes such as being tolerant to things such as affirmative action and other
marginalized social groups are perceived to be affected by other factors such as the level of
humanity. However, research has shown that sexuality has a significant role to play in
determining how people behave towards the society they live in. The biasness results from
misinformed perspectives from authors who do not take time to explore what others have done
and discovered about the subject. This means that to get the most reliable point of view, authors
need to conduct intensive research about the topic so that they can present the most reliable and
valid perspective.
In conclusion, research is an essential component of human communities and should be
treated with the necessary importance. From this activity, the researcher learned that there are
significant levels of bias about certain topics due to the reluctance of different people to verify
their sources. When conducting evidence-based research, the research will ensure that he
crosscheck his sources before using their information in research papers. He also believes that it
is important to provide quality and reliable research, which calls for investing a lot of time in
identifying the materials to use in compiling the research papers. After looking at the way in
which different authors approach the same issue, he reasoned that it is important to dedicate a
significant amount of time in researching before coming up with an article.
Witherspoon Q. EDL-8335 V2-3
Allen, M. S., & Robson, D. A. (2020). Personality and Sexual Orientation: New Data and Metaanalysis. The Journal of Sex Research, 1–13.
Grollman, E. A. (2017). Sexual orientation differences in attitudes about sexuality, race, and
gender. Social Science Research, 61, 126–141.
Ko, N.-Y., Lin, I-Hsuan., Huang, Y.-T., Chen, M.-H., Lu, W.-H., & Yen, C.-F. (2020).
Associations of Perceived Socially Unfavorable Attitudes toward Homosexuality and
Same-Sex Marriage with Suicidal Ideation in Taiwanese People before and after SameSex Marriage Referendums. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public
Health, 17(3), 1047.
Schnabel, L. (2018). Sexual Orientation and Social Attitudes. Socius: Sociological Research for
a Dynamic World, 4, 237802311876955.

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