SOLUTION: Pratt Institute Week 2 CIA Activities at Home and Abroad Research Paper
“All Factors Point to CIA Aerially Assassinating Brazilian Presidential Candidate,” Wayne
Madsen, August 30, 2014
The plane crash that killed Brazilian presidential candidate Eduardo Campos, who was running
in 2nd place behind incumbent President Dilma Rousseff, has harmed Rousseff’s chances for reelection. Campos’s successor on the ticket, former Green Party leader Marina Silva, a George
Soros puppet, now stands a very good chance of unseating Rousseff in an expected run-off
election. Rousseff’s defeat would signal a victory for the Obama administration’s covert
activities to eliminate from the scene progressive presidents throughout Latin America.
A review of post-World War II history reveals that of all the many ways intelligence services
have used to eliminate political and economic threats, murder by plane crash rank in second
place, just ahead of automobile accidents and poisoning; in first place is the use of firearms and
munitions, as the CIA’s favorite modus operandi for political assassination.
The aerial assassinations of United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, Rwandan
President Juvenal Habyarimana, Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira, Portuguese Prime
Minister Francisco sá Carneiro, Pakistani President Muhammad Zia Ul-Haq, prospective Indian
Prime Minister Sanjay Gandhi, American United Auto Workers’ Union President Walter
Reuther, former Texas Senator John Tower, and Minnesota Senator Paul Wellstone all bore the
markings of the involvement of one or more U.S. intelligence agencies in putting ends to
political careers that threatened the underpinnings of Imperial America.
Latin America, in particular, has been plagued by plane crashes that have killed two leaders
who were determined to pull away from American political influence, President Jaime Roldos
Aguilera of Ecuador and President Omar Torrijos of Panama. Both leaders died in 1981, with
Roldos dying just a few months before Torrijos. John Perkins, the author of «Confessions of an
Economic Hitman» and a former member of the U.S. intelligence community, fingered the
United States in both plane crash assassinations.
The timing of the crash, during an election campaign that had favored an easy victory for
Rousseff, has raised significant questions among Brazilian investigators and the general public.
Since its introduction in 1996, the Cessna 560XLS Citation model has enjoyed a perfect safety
record. The sudden death of Campos upended the Brazilian presidential election campaign in a
manner that may benefit the United States and the Central Intelligence Agency’s long-range
agenda for Latin America.
Disturbing questions are being raised about the ownership of the aircraft bearing the tail
number PR-AFA. The plane’s murky record of owners and registration, along with the lack of
cockpit voice recordings thanks to an apparent malfunction in the plane’s cockpit voice recorder,
has a number of Brazilians wondering whether the plane was sabotaged by the United States.
Rather than having the recording of the conversations of Campos’s flight crew, the recorder only
had the voice recordings from a previous flight
A spokesman for AF Andrade said the $9 million aircraft had not been recently inspected but
stressed that it had a perfect maintenance record.
Brazilian observers believe the Cessna that crashed was a «ghost plane», with murky
[JS=unclear, cloudy] ownership in order to cover up the plane’s use for covert operations
involving the CIA. Similar planes with spotty ownership and registration records were used by
the CIA to rendition kidnapped Muslims for interrogation and imprisonment at American «black
sites» around the world.
Campos was replaced on the ticket by Silva, who is a darling of the Soros-financed and
directed globalization and «civil society» movement. Silva, who is a pro-Israeli adherent of the
Assemblies of God Pentecostal church, is much more pro-business and pro-American than
Rousseff of the left-leaning Brazilian Workers’ Party. Recently, Rousseff, along with her fellow
BRICS leaders from Russia, India, China, and South Africa [JS: BRICS, which stands for BrazilRussia-India-China-South Africa, is a group of countries whose development is approaching the
level of “developed” countries. They tend to operate in ways that often oppose the developed
countries—the US, West Europe, Japan, etc.], created a new development bank that challenges
the supremacy of the U.S.-run World Bank. The creation of the bank infuriated Washington and
Wall Street.
Silva, who may be enjoying more than a mere sympathy vote, recently gained in polls against
Rousseff. The Brazilian president is seen by Washington as an adversary, especially after details
were leaked by Edward Snowden of massive National Security Agency surveillance of the
Brazilian president.
The favorable outcome for Silva as a result of the possible aerial assassination of Campos
and his aides has many suspicious about the CIA’s role in the plane crash, especially after CIA
fingerprints were discovered on presidential aerial assassinations of Torrijos and Roldos in 1981.
Just this past February, the presidential helicopter normally used by Ecuadorian president Rafael
Correa, a strong opponent of Washington’s policies and an ally of Rousseff, crashed in the
mountains on a flight from Guayaquil to Quito. Correa’s personal pilot was killed in the crash.
Correa, who was addressing a campaign rally at the time of the crash, stressed that he was not
scheduled to be on the flight of the Indian-made Dhruv helicopter. However, the suspicion of
CIA sabotage could not be suppressed among the Ecuadorian population.
The Cessna carrying Portuguese Prime Minister Sá Carneiro, which crashed while the prime
minister was flying to a re-election rally in Porto, destroyed the leftist Democratic Alliance’s
future prospects because the 2 Sá Carneiro loyalists who succeeded him lacked his charisma.
Eventually, Mario Soares, a Third Way and pro-NATO «socialist-in-name-only», a «SINO»,
became prime minister and ushered Portugal down the path of «Third Way» subservience to a
united Europe and globalization. The ambassador to Portugal at the time of Sá Carneiro’s death
was CIA officer Frank Carlucci, whose fingerprints were on the 1961 assassination of former
Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba in the Congo. Carlucci became deputy director of the CIA, and
National Security Adviser and Defense Secretary under President Ronald Reagan. Carlucci is
also the chairman emeritus of the CIA-connected Carlyle Group. The suspicious death of
Campos in Brazil appears to be a carbon copy of the CIA’s quick dispatch [JS=killing] of Sá
Carneiro, with Rousseff the ultimate target of the action and Silva and her globalist backers as
the beneficiaries.
Sample of style for Brief Paper
from Week 2 Reading “Dan Mitrione”
*NOTE: All papers submitted for this course (including Brief Paper based on weekly readings,
AND ALSO the Research Paper and Midterm) should be:
1) 12 point Times Roman ONLY—NEVER use bigger or smaller print than 12 point (that
includes Title Page of Research Paper)
2) Paper should be double spaced and Flush Left—NOT justified
3) Use pdf format
4) Write with perfect English grammar, syntax, word usage, etc.
5) Write clearly and concisely, i.e., use as few words as possible to get your thought across
6) Always proofread the final product carefully to check for typos, grammatical errors, incorrect
expression, etc.
7) Separate each reading with a new paragraph (or, if you want, you can add an extra line space
between the different readings); write a heading with the author’s name or title, IN ITALICS.
DO NOT run the sections together—discuss each one in SEPARATE PARAGRAPHS.
8) At the beginning of each reading, write only the author’s last name, or one key word in the
title of the file (e.g., see below, just write “Dan Mitrione”)
9) Do NOT use bold anywhere in the Paper.
10) No extra space between paragraphs
11) Write in past tense, NOT in present tense
——————————————————————————————————————The following is an example of the style for the Brief Paper that students will write for each
week’s readings. It is based on the reading “Dan Mitrione” (Week 2)
1) Include the main themes and ideas of the reading
2) Write in your own words—DO NOT COPY. Write clearly, using as few words as possible
3) Your goal in the Brief Paper is to cut down the original text to a much smaller size while at
the same time including all important details from the reading. Notice that the piece below is cut
down to a much shorter size than the original text, but it still contains all the important details.
——————————————————————————————————————-“Dan Mitrione”: Dan Mitrione was a former US police officer who worked for the US Agency
for International Development (USAID). While the USAID’s goal was supposedly to assist
developing nations, in reality it helped brutal dictatorships torture and murder innocent people.
Mitrione’s first assignment was in Brazil, working for the USAID’s Office of Public Safety
(OPS—an agency connected to the CIA). There he trained security officers in electric shock
torture techniques taken from KUBARK, a CIA instruction manual.
Mitrione was in Brazil in 1964 when Brazil’s left-wing president Goulart was ousted in a USbacked military coup which began a period of military dictatorship. During this time, USAID
(and Mitrione) were responsible for murdering and torturing thousands of Brazilians.
In 1969, Mitrione moved to Montevideo, Uruguay, where he introduced “scientific methods
of torturem” which included telling torture victims that recordings of screaming women and
children were their relatives being tortured. He also applied electric shocks beneath the victims’
fingernails and to the genitals. Mitrione personally tortured 4 beggars to death in his home.
Applying the torture methods used in the US’ Phoenix Program during the Vietnam war, US
Army doctors killed thousands as they supervised torture classes that used homeless people from
the streets. Thousands more were subjected to torture in US hospitals and research facilities as
part of the CIA’s Project MK-ULTRA and other mind and behavior control programs., September 13, 2020, David Price, “The CIA Book Publishing Operations”
One of the alternative press’s most significant scoops of the 1960s was Ramparts magazine’s
exposé of February 1967 revealing that the CIA had long secretly funded and controlled the
National Student Association (NSA). The story was significant because it revealed the NSA was
a CIA front, but its greater significance came with the many derivative investigative journalistic
pieces published in the months that followed. This later wave of stories tracing CIA funding
fronts reveal a hidden world of CIA infiltrations of front operations. These ranged from the
funding of labor unions, judicial organizations, professional associations, to publishers and
organizations like the International Conference of the Boy Scouts Movement.
Methods for tracing CIA fronts had been available to the public for three years, following
revelations in 1964 when some of these CIA fronts were first accidentally exposed by
Congressman Wright Patman during congressional hearings searching for communist
infiltrations of American foundations. In these hearings Patman questioned an IRS employee
about irregularities in several foundations, and his sworn public testimony was that the Kaplan
Fund was being used by the CIA to fund projects and individuals of interest to the Agency.
Patman learned from the CIA the names of eight nonprofits that funded the Kaplan Fund, but
there was no real effort to trace what happened to the CIA funds passing through these CIA
fronts and pass-throughs until the Ramparts exposé.
It was during Ramparts 1967 revelatory aftermath that the world first learned that the CIA
covertly funded the publication of books, when a February 1967 New York Times story revealed
that Praeger Press had published an unidentified number of books “at the CIA’s suggestion.”
News reports soon revealed the CIA had secretly published other books with other presses.
As some of the titles of Praeger books published became known, clear patterns of anticommunist works emerged, and publisher Frederick Praeger lied in his public statements
concerning the extent of his press’ work with the CIA, claiming to have only published 15 or 16
books dealing “fundamentally with facts, history and analysis of events of Communist-bloc
countries or of nations susceptible of a fall to Communism.” Praeger defended these books as
having been reviewed by academic experts before publication.
Years later, when testifying before Senate hearings investigating Watergate coverups, former
CIA officer E. Howard Hunt, Jr., said Frederick Praeger’s claims that his press only had limited
involvement with the CIA were false. During his years at the CIA’s Domestic Operations
Division, Hunt’s base of operations was the National Press Building, using as cover credentials
issued from a CIA front known as “Continental Press.” In 1974, Hunt admitted that the CIA
“funded much of the activities of the Frederick D. Praeger Publishing Corporation. We Funded,
to a large extent, the activities of Fodor’s Travel Guide, distributed by the David McKay
Corporation.” Instead of the handful of books Fred Praeger initially claimed the CIA had
published, over a thousand books were published under these programs during the ‘50s and 60s.
But many other presses published books either subsidized or fully funded by the CIA, intended
for both academic and popular audiences. Many of these CIA publishing operations targeted a
liberal intellectual audience, funding literary writers at the Paris Review, the CIA’s Congress for
Cultural Freedom’s Encounter, or in Africa with Transition Magazine and in Latin America
Combate, Mundo Nuevo, and Cuadernos. The CIA commissioned the John Wiley Publishing
Company to publish Robert Moss’ book, Chile’s Marxist Experiment, which had originally been
published by “a CIA publishing subsidiary,” Forum World Features. There were also 100s of
classic western works of fiction and nonfiction translated into foreign languages and cheaply
printed and distributed throughout the underdeveloped world. This was a key part of the CIA’s
soft power campaign to win the hearts and minds of those undecided about the merits of
communism or capitalism
Among the known presses that published CIA subsidized books were Scribner’s Sons, Ballantine
Books, and G.P. Putnam’s Sons. The CIA was not the only US agency negotiating such
propagandistic publishing agreements. Fitzhugh Green discovered that United States Information
Agency (USIA) staff members “would think of a book that could explain what the Soviets had
done to hurt the freedom of its people; then they would offer Frederick Praeger or other
publishers an advance to commission an author and publish his work for foreign markers, even if
the topic would not normally sell abroad.” Through these and other maneuvers the US
government secretly corrupted scholarship and warped academic freedom in ways that left the
American public uninformed.
These CIA operations were run by liberal anti-communists who were distrusted by conservative
anti-communists like Joseph McCarthy; one reason these were covert operations was to avoid the
scrutiny of congressional conservatives who would not have funded these programs. With most
of these publications the CIA sought to strengthen the moderate left, bolstering liberal ideology
as a way of keeping thinking people from pursuing socialism or communism. Often, the CIA’s
covertly subsidized titles were works that would not have made it into print without these secret
patrons. There is rich irony that the secret police of American capitalism had to covertly prop-up
works that could not survive the free market that the Agency was fighting to protect.
Because some of these CIA publications have been well documented in academic and popular
works (e.g. that Encounter or Paris Review ran on CIA money, the CIA printed and circulated a
bootleg version of Doctor Zhivago in the USSR, etc.) it might seem surprising that significant
elements of this history remain undocumented. Ultimately, much of this history is intentionally
unknown; certainly, the CIA knows this classified history, but no leadership in the executive,
judicial or congressional branches has pursued releasing the full details of these operations. Even
the groundbreaking Church and Pike congressional investigations of the mid-1970s intentionally
withheld significant information they collected identifying the names of journalists and other
writers they discovered had been working with the CIA.
Random House’s 1951 publication of Reader’s Digest author, Leland Stowe’s book, The Story of
Satellite Europe: Conquest by Terror showed how the CIA bypassed the usual market forces
governing books publications to guarantee sales and distribution of a book that likely would not
have found a market to support its survival. “Thousands of copies of the book were purchased by
CIA coordinated agencies for low cost and free distribution in the US and in those areas of the
English-speaking world subject to the conspiracies in violation of the Sherman Act.”
CIA covert operations were run with the approval of the Executive Branch, through the National
Security Council, and 303 Committee. These covert publishing operations were approved by
presidents from Truman through Johnson,
TV station NBC’s first board chairman was Whitney North Seymour, a conservative politician
and Wall Street lawyer. At NBC’s inception Seymour was a board member of the CIA-supported
Freedom House and President of the New York City Bar Association.
These public-private organizations mixed publishing leaders with government figures coming
from the State Dept and CIA to spread specific messages stressing the dangers and shortcomings
of communism, targeting domestic and foreign readers.
The CIA selected Praeger Press as one of the first commercial presses to commission books. The
topics, titles and forms of analysis of these Praeger published CIA sponsored books “were
determined by nameless bureaucrats.” The CIA first contacted Praeger around 1950 asking him
to make his press available for publishing books selected by the CIA under a covert arrangement
where the US government covered all costs and the CIA guaranteed it would purchase and
distribute thousands of copies of books. “From 1950 to 1967 when the first public disclosure
began to appear concerning secret book subsidization via the CIA Praeger had published over
one thousand covertly subsidized titles through arrangement coordinated by the CIA.” By the
mid-1950s Praeger published between 100 and 150 CIA titles a year.
Using these Cold War covert publishing operations, the CIA nurtured myths of American capitalism at home and abroad. These CIA supported books championed global democracy while
ignoring American CIA interventions undermining democratically elected governments
promising greater distribution of wealth, in placed like Iran and Guatemala. While in the first and
final instances the Cold War’s global inequality the CIA policed was maintained by armed
forces, these ideological battles were also significant.
The CIA’s Cold War was not just an ideological conflict, it was a war over relation …
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