SOLUTION: University of Toronto Lifestyle Choices of Individuals Following Vegan Diet BIBLIO

Annotated Bibliography
Radnitz, C., Beezhold, B., and DiMatteo, J. (2015) ‘Investigation of lifestyle
choices of individuals following a vegan diet for health and ethical reasons’,
Appetite, 90(July), pp.31–36. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.02.026
The authors of this article, Radnitz and DiMatteo are psychologists
from the school of psychology in Fairleigh Dickinson University, while
Beezhold is a nutritionist affiliated with Benedictine University. This journal
article seeks to understand lifestyle choices of individuals that follow vegan
diets for either ethical or health reasons. The main hypothesis of the authors
is that the people who choose to follow vegan diets for health reasons
consume foods with higher nutritional value compared to those who do so for
ethical reasons. The research study took the form of an online survey that
collected a diverse sample of 246 individuals that were currently adhering to
vegan diets. The results of this study showed that those who adhered to
vegan diets because of health reasons ate more fruits and fewer sweets
compared to those who did so because of ethical reasons. However, those
who endorsed ethical reasons for adherence to vegan diets stayed on the
diet longer than those who did so for health reasons. The authors conclude
that more research should be conducted to gain an understand how vegan
health diets have an impact on the health of individuals citing the need for
an understanding of how the choice of commitment to vegan diets affect the
types of food consumed by people. The limitation of this article is that the size of
samples that the authors used was relatively small. However, this article will still be critical for
my research because it enables me to understand the main reasons for adherence
to vegan diets.
Word Count: 254
Annotated Bibliography
Janssen, M., Busch, C., Rödiger, M. and Hamm, U. (2016) Motives of consumers following a
vegan diet and their attitudes towards animal agriculture. Appetite, 105, pp.643-651.
doi:10.1016/j.appet.2016.06.039
This is a journal article authored by Meike Janssen, an Associate Professor at
Copenhagen Business School, and Claudia Busch, a researcher at the University of Applied
Science and Art – Gottingen. Other authors of this article are Manika Rodiger, a Scientific
Assistant and Ulrich Hamm, a marketing researcher at Universitat Kassel, Germany. The authors
studied consumer motivations towards vegan diet and their attitudes on animal agriculture.
Therefore, they aimed to identify different consumer segments’ motivations based on a vegan
diet. Additionally, their objective was to determine vegan diet consumers’ perceptions and
attitudes towards animal agriculture. Specifically, they (authors) wanted to know the statistics of
vegan consumers who accept animal agriculture and rebuke animal products.
The authors found that 89.7% of respondents had animal-related motives, 69.3% of the
respondents had personal well-being-related motives, 46.8% of respondents had environmentrelated motives, and 81.8% of respondents had more than a single motive towards a vegan diet.
The study was performed at seven vegan supermarkets, involving 329 consumers, using face-toface interviews to gather information from the participants. The authors concluded that vegan
consumers had more than a single motive towards plant-based products. This might be true since
plant-based diets had been proven to have vast positive effects on health and the environment.
The study involved an appropriate sample size, a useful information collection method, and
utilizes in-depth critical analysis. This article will help me when studying consumer motives and
perceptions towards an ethical business scenario, for instance, the health and safety of products.
Word Count: 250
Fox, N. and Ward, K. Jorn Fox
Fox and Argument Argument Strength:
Relevance:
(2008) ‘Health,
al
Ward ca s:
s:
This report
The article
ethics and
Artic Ward
rried out The
The
paper refers to discusses
environment: A
le
an
authors
authors
39 sources and that
suggest
suggest
it has number
ethical,
and
are
qualitative study of
special online
vegetarian
ized in qualitati that
that
of reliable
health
motivations’, Appetit
Health ve
ethical
sources. By
problems
e, 50(2-3), p.
and
(45% of
analyzing and
and
422-429, doi:
related to
all
comparing
environme
10.1016/j.appet.200
researc explore responde responde sources, it
7.09.007
h
the
ethical
research (45% of
in the
all
nts),
motivati health
Univer ons of
ntal
nts),
provides a more commitme
health
comprehensive nts are the
problem problem understanding
dominant
sity of vegetari (27% of
(27% of
of different
motivation
Sheffie ans from all
all
studies and it
s for
ld.
the US, responde responde also reduces
people foll
Canada nts), and nts), and bias.
owing a
and the environm environm This paper also vegan
UK.
ental
ental
explains differen diet.
commitm commitm t
ents (1% ents (1% terminologies cl
of all
of all
early and it
responde responde selects some
nts) are
nts) are
parts of original
significant significant dialogues of
motivator motivator interviewee for
s for
s for
reference
people
people
therefore the
who
who
information that
choose to choose to it provides is
switch to switch to very straightfor
a
a
ward and
vegetaria vegetaria in-depth at the
n diet.
n diet.
same time.
Limitation:
The qualitative
Conclusio Conclusio study mainly
n:
n:
relies on
This
This
internet
report
report
sampling
paper
paper
technique.
concludes concludes Younger
that
that
vegetarians tend
motivatio motivatio to have a higher
ns for
ns for
percentage of
vegetaria vegetaria representativen
n are
n are
ess. Moreover,
complex, complex, this study is
in term of in term of carried in
people’s people’s English-speaking
behaviors behaviors countries
, beliefs
, beliefs
therefore
and their and their non-English
outlooks. outlooks. speakers are
Some
Some
also under
people
people
represented.
may also may also
adopt
adopt
ethical
ethical
and
and
environm environm
ental
ental
commitm commitm
ents.
ents.
Annotated Bibliography -Detailed suggestions
Weighting:
15% of overall grade
Overview:
Write a critical (i.e. evaluative) annotated bibliography comprising the 3 sources. The entries
should be arranged in alphabetical order, and each entry should contain the following:
a) the full reference (i.e. bibliographic details) in Harvard style; followed by
b) the annotation: a 150-250-word paragraph in discursive prose which:



• provides brief author details
• indicates the source type, e.g. book, journal article, etc.
• indicates the content or scope of the text;
This can include aims.
• outlines the main argument(s);
This can include findings.
There might not be arguments as such. There may, instead, be a
hypothesis/thesis.



identifies the research methods (if applicable), and/or underlying
theories/approaches,
and/or experimental design/methods (if applicable);
This may be a framework/perspective/stance.

• identifies any conclusions reached by the author(s);
You can both describe these and comment on them. If you comment on them,
this will count as statement of the strength/limitations of the text.















• states the strengths and/or limitations of the text;
These can include:
Factual errors.
Flawed understanding of a phenomenon.
Excessively narrow subject focus
Poor data collection methods:
Small sample size
Inappropriate sample
Cherry picking (data, sample, correlation)
Omission of potentially relevant information
Lack of evidence to support conclusions
Lack of current data
Challenge to the validity of the conclusions
Do the conclusions follow from the evidence?
Exaggerated and unsubstantiated claims
Insufficient detail to permit the assessment of the validity and reliability of the
conclusions


















Over-generalisation (e.g. generalising from one region to an entire country)
Over-simplification
Possible confusion between correlation and causation
Failure to clearly define terms
Failure to consider alternative explanations/perspectives/viewpoints
Failure to consider evidence that contradicts conclusions/assertions
Bias/lack of objectivity
Conflation of two different things
Contradictory statements/conclusions
Focus on irrelevant facts
Poor credentials
Lack of expertise in a specific area
Questionable foundational assumptions
Failure to consider important questions
Emotive language
Opinion presented as fact
Logical fallacy
Weak analogy

• points out the relevance of the text to your research;
How will you use it? (‘It will enable me to…’, ‘I can use it to…’ ‘It will allow me
to..’

• presents your view on or reaction to the text.
Ignore this!
Word Count

You MUST include an accurate word count after each annotation

Purchase answer to see full
attachment

Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Our Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
Our Options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Expert Proofreading
  • Overnight delivery
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Copies of used sources
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

AcademicWritingCompany guarantees

Our customer is the center of what we do and thus we offer 100% original essays..
By ordering our essays, you are guaranteed the best quality through our qualified experts.All your information and everything that you do on our website is kept completely confidential.

Money-back guarantee

Academicwritingcompany.com always strives to give you the best of its services. As a custom essay writing service, we are 100% sure of our services. That is why we ensure that our guarantee of money-back stands, always

Read more

Zero-plagiarism tolerance guarantee

The paper that you order at academicwritingcompany.com is 100% original. We ensure that regardless of the position you are, be it with urgent deadlines or hard essays, we give you a paper that is free of plagiarism. We even check our orders with the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the industry.

Read more

Free-revision guarantee

The Academicwritingcompany.com thrives on excellence and thus we help ensure the Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order.To do so, we provide a Free Revision policy as a courtesy service. To receive free revision the Academic writing Company requires that the you provide the request within Fifteen (14) days since the completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations and research papers.

Read more

Privacy and Security policy

With Academicwritingcompan.com, your privacy is the most important aspect. First, the academic writing company will never resell your personal information, which include credit cards, to any third party. Not even your lecturer on institution will know that you bought an essay from our academic writing company.

Read more

Adherence to requirements guarantee

The academic writing company writers know that following essay instructions is the most important part of academic writing. The expert writers will, therefore, work extra hard to ensure that they cooperate with all the requirements without fail. We also count on you to help us provide a better academic paper.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2020 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Customer Academic level
Number of pages required
Urgency of paper